GDPR / DPA2018
The General Data Protection Regulation 2016 (GDPR)
The GDPR is Europe’s new framework for data protection laws – it replaces the previous 1995 data protection directive. Previous UK law was based upon this directive.
The EU’s GDPR website says the legislation is designed to “harmonise” data privacy laws across Europe as well as give greater protection and rights to individuals. Within the GDPR there are large changes for the public as well as businesses and bodies that handle personal information, which we’ll explain in more detail later.
After more than four years of discussion and negotiation, GDPR was adopted by both the European Parliament and the European Council in April 2016. The underpinning regulation and directive were published at the end of that month.
After publication of GDPR in the EU Official Journal in May 2016, it came into force on May 25, 2018. The two year preparation period has given businesses and public bodies covered by the regulation to prepare for the changes.
The Data Protection ACT 2018 in a nutshell
The Data Protection Act 2018 achieved Royal Assent on 23 May 2018. It implements the government’s manifesto commitment to update the UK’s data protection laws. The Data Protection Act 1998 served us well and placed the UK at the front of global data protection standards.
The 2018 Act modernises data protection laws in the UK to make them fit-for-purpose for our increasingly digital economy and society. As part of this the 2018 Act applies the EU’s GDPR standards, preparing Britain for Brexit. By having strong data protection laws and appropriate safeguards, businesses will be able to operate across international borders.
This ultimately underpins global trade and having unhindered data flows is essential to the UK in forging its own path as an ambitious trading partner. We have ensured that modern, innovative uses of data can continue while at the same time strengthening the control and protection individuals have over their data.
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